There are many outside factors that can affect how a student performs in school. Things such as socioeconomic status, diet, and their parents level of education can highly influence the effort they put into school as well as their intelligence level. While it is completely possible to push through these outside factors, it can be very difficult. Some students may not even be aware of how their home life affects their performance.
According to http://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/factsheet-education.aspx students that come from low socioeconomic households or communitys often learn slower than those from higher socioeconomic environments. This may be due to many factors. For example, the fact that parents that have a low income cannot afford resources(books,computers,etc) that parents with higher incomes can. Lack of these resources could cause students to have a slower learning pace than others. It also may cause the students to have to put more effort into classwork and homework assignments. If a student needs a computer to complete a homework assignment and they don’t own one they would have to go to a library or friend’s house to complete their assignment. This doesn’t seem like a big deal to adults who tend to always have their own form of transportation but can be very stressful to students who do not yet have their own cars to get them where they need to go. It could also be due to the theory of Maslows Hierarchy of needs. According to this theory, a person must have their physiological, safety, and relationship needs met before than can start to worry about their self esteem and self actualization needs. For example, a student who does not have a stable home and food, would be striving to find that stability instead of striving to succeed in school. Their biological needs for food and shelter are larger than their need to get good grades.
Diet can affect how we perform in anything. If someone ate a cheeseburger from a fast food place before exercising, they are most likely going to feel very sluggish and heavy, whereas if they ate a plate of veggies they are more likely going to be full of energy. This is the same way diet affects us in school. If a student’s diet includes nothing but packaged food and items from the freezer aisle, they are most likely not going to eat anything with nutritional value in it. If their body is lacking nutrition, it is often going to affect their performance and ability to pay attention in class as well as complete assignments. Students should make sure their bodies are getting properly nourished so they can perform to the best of their ability.
Parents Level of Education:
According to the National Institutes of Health (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2853053/) the education of parents can highly influence the achievements of the their children. This could be due to the fact that parents with lower education levels often have lower incomes, in which that point was already made above. It could also be due to the fact that children of parents with higher education tend to have more self esteem and security than those that don’t, causing them to achieve more. For example, a college degree could seem out of reach for a student whose immediate family has not achieved a college degree, however, it would seem normal to a student whose whole family has earned a college degree. Therefore, there would be less intimidation to gain a college degree in the students who have seen their parents do it than in the students who have not.
So to conclude, all of these outside factors can be very large obstacles to students going through high school or even college. Students should be aware of how their background and habits affects their thought processes and opinions about school so they can properly make large decisions about their future.