Journalism is the collection, organization, and presentation of facts to tell a story or present events. It’s an old, respected craft with a lot of tradition that is rapidly changing to keep up with technology. If you want to study journalism, here are a few different focuses to consider.
Print journalism – A few years ago there would have been separate listings for Newspaper Journalism and Magazine Journalism, but the printed media market is dwindling, being largely replaced by digital formats. But print journalism is where all of this developed, and it still has great power, although its job market does not. However, the standards and skills that apply to print journalism apply equally to on line journalism, and indeed every other kind of journalism. However if you are looking for a real career it’s wise to find another focus.
Digital/ On Line Journalism – Blogs, newsfeeds, and web sites have largely supplanted the role long held by magazines and newspapers. The 24 hour news cycle on television and the internet has changed how news is vetted and delivered. This is a market that is still growing, and will continue to grow and find itself for quite a while. Learning the core teachings of journalism, and developing the technical skills to work with computer systems, might be a smart way to apply your desire for this field.
Photojournalism – A photojournalist uses pictures instead of words to deliver news or tell a story. A student still needs to take all the core classes and learn the different aspects of journalism, and focusing on the photographic side of it may require additional outside practice. A photojournalist isn’t a nature photographer, afforded a great deal of time – usually they work on a tight time frame, and need to capture compelling images quickly, with little time for preparation. From front page shots to tabloid paparazzi, there is always a market for good pictures.
Broadcast Journalism – A broadcast journalist delivers the news over a broadcast medium, radio and television (and now also on line shows and podcasts). Usually the journalist also writes or vets the material, as well. This field is for people who want to be in front of the camera or behind the microphone, and a student will need to work on their presentation, appearance, delivery, and ability to craft a compelling story and deliver it succinctly. There are many different types of roles to be filled in this field, from weather people to anchors to reporters in the field, talk show hosts, announcers, and more.
Public Relations – Most journalism focuses on creating and presenting facts and true stories for the common interest, or opinion for common entertainment. In public relationships, you use your skills to write and deliver stories and facts to promote, benefit, and represent a company or organization. Different from advertising, a public relations expert will draft press releases, give interviews to local media, manage social media accounts, and provide “spin” for the company to promote it to the public. This job uses most of the same principles and skills as journalism, only with a more direct goal.